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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Aug 2023 - 11 Aug 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Psychological/Comorbidities

2023 Aug 04

Mol Neurobiol


Proteomic Analysis of the Amygdala Reveals Dynamic Changes in Glutamate Transporter-1 During Progression of Complete Freund’s Adjuvant-Induced Pain Aversion.


Wu Y, Chen Y, Xu Y, Ni W, Lin C, Shao X, Shen Z, He X, Wang C, Fang J


Pain sufferer usually show an aversion to the environment associated with pain, identified as pain aversion. The amygdala, an almond-shaped limbic structure in the medial temporal lobe, exerts a critical effect on emotion and pain formation. However, studies on inflammatory pain-induced aversion are still relatively limited, and the available evidence is not enough to clarify its inherent mechanisms. Proteomics is a high-throughput, comprehensive, and objective study method that compares the similarities and differences of protein expression under different conditions to screen potential targets. The current study aimed to identify potential pivotal proteins in the amygdala of rats after complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced pain aversion via proteomics analysis. Immunohistochemistry was performed to confirm the expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) in the amygdala during different periods of pain aversion. Thirteen proteins were found to be different between the day 2 and day 15 groups. Among the 13 differentially expressed proteins, Q8R64 denotes GLT-1, which utilises synaptic glutamate to remain optimal extracellular glutamic levels, thereby preventing accumulation in the synaptic cleft and consequent excitotoxicity. The variation in GLT-1 expression was correlated with the variation tendency of pain aversion, which implies a potential link between the modulation of pain aversion and the excitability of glutamatergic neurons. This study demonstrated that exposure to inflammatory pain results in aversion induced from pain, leading to extensive biological changes in the amygdala.