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Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 May 2023 - 26 May 2023

Basic Science

In Vitro Studies, Molecular/Cellular

2023 May 22

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr


Progesterone interacts with the mutational hot-spot of TRPV4 and acts as a ligand relevant for fast Ca-signalling.


Dubey NK, Mishra S, Goswami C


Steroids are also known to induce immediate physiological and cellular response which occurs within minutes to seconds, or even faster. Such non-genomic actions of steroids are rapid and are proposed to be mediated by different ion channels. Transient receptor potential vanilloid sub-type 4 (TRPV4), is a non-specific polymodal ion channel which is involved in several physiological and cellular processes. In this work, we explored the possibilities of Progesterone (P4) as an endogenous ligand for TRPV4. We demonstrate that P4 docks as well as physically interacts with the TM4-loop-TM5 region of TRPV4, a region which is a mutational hotspot for different diseases. Live cell imaging experiments with a genetically encoded Ca-sensor suggests that P4 causes quick influx of Ca specifically in the TRPV4 expressing cells, which can be partially blocked by TRPV4-specific inhibitor, suggesting that P4 can act as a ligand for TRPV4. Such P4-mediated Ca-influx is altered in cells expressing disease causing TRPV4 mutants, namely in L596P, R616Q, and also in embryonic lethal mutant L618P. P4 dampens, both in terms of “extent” as well as the “pattern” of the Ca-influx by other stimulus too in cells expressing TRPV4-Wt, suggesting that P4 crosstalk with the TRPV4-mediated Ca-signalling, both in quick and long-term manner. We propose that P4 crosstalk with TRPV4 might be relevant for both acute and chronic pain as well as for other health-related functions.