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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 Feb 2023 - 17 Feb 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Neuropathic Pain

2023 Jan 17

Int J Mol Sci




Prevention of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy by Inhibiting C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 2.


Cho HS, Choi YI, Park SU, Han YS, Kwon J, Jung SJ


Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a major drawback in the use of chemotherapeutic agents for patients with cancer. Although studies have investigated a broad number of molecules that might be related to CIPN, the differences in the chemokine pathways between various chemotherapeutic agents, such as vincristine and oxaliplatin, which are some of the most widely used treatments, have not been fully elucidated. We confirmed that the administration (intraperitoneal injections for seven days) of vincristine (0.1 mg/kg) and oxaliplatin (3 mg/kg) induced pain by using the von Frey behavioral test. Subsequent applications with vincristine and oxaliplatin led to mechanical allodynia that lasted more than one week from the fifth day. After the induction of mechanical allodynia, the mRNA expression of CXCR2, CXCL1, CXCL3, and CXCL5 was examined in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord of the CIPN models. As a result, the mRNA expression of CXCR2 robustly increased in the lumbar spinal cord in the oxaliplatin-treated mice. Next, to evaluate the involvement of CXCR2 in CIPN, reparixin, a CXCR1/2 inhibitor, was administered intrathecally or intraperitoneally with vincristine or oxaliplatin and was further verified by treatment with ruxolitinib, which inhibits Janus kinase 2 downstream of the CXCR1/2 pathway. Reparixin and ruxolitinib blocked oxaliplatin-induced allodynia but not vincristine-induced allodynia, which suggests that CXCR2-related pathways are associated with the development of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. Together with the above results, this suggests that the prevention of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy by CXCR2 inhibition can lead to successful chemotherapy, and it is important to provide appropriate countermeasures against CIPN development for each specific chemotherapeutic agent.