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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 May 2024 - 31 May 2024

2024 May 25

Purinergic Signal


Preparation and preliminary evaluation of a tritium-labeled allosteric P2X4 receptor antagonist.


Nagel J, Törmäkangas O, Kuokkanen K, El-Tayeb A, Messinger J, Abdelrahman A, Bous C, Schiedel AC, Müller CE


P2X4 receptors are ATP-gated cation channels that were proposed as novel drug targets due to their role in inflammation and neuropathic pain. Only few potent and selective P2X4 receptor antagonists have been described to date. Labeled tool compounds suitable for P2X4 receptor binding studies are lacking. Here, we present a novel allosteric P2X4 receptor antagonist possessing high potency in the low nanomolar range. We describe its tritium-labeling resulting in the P2X4-selective radiotracer [H]PSB-OR-2020 with high specific activity (45 Ci/mmol; 1.67 TBq/mmol). A radioligand binding assay was developed using human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cell membranes recombinantly expressing the human P2X4 receptor. Competition binding studies with structurally diverse P2X4 receptor antagonists revealed different allosteric binding sites indicating that the new class of P2X4 receptor antagonists, to which PSB-OR-2020 belongs, interacts with an unprecedented allosteric site. [H]PSB-OR-2020 may become a useful tool for research on P2X4 receptors and for promoting drug development.