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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Dec 2023 - 29 Dec 2023

2023 Dec

Alcohol Clin Exp Res (Hoboken)




Prenatal alcohol exposure promotes NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent immune actions following morphine treatment and paradoxically prolongs nerve injury-induced pathological pain in female mice.


Noor S, Sun MS, Pasmay AA, Pritha AN, Ruffaner-Hanson CD, Nysus MV, Jimenez DC, Murphy M, Savage DD, Valenzuela CF, Milligan ED


Neuroimmune dysregulation from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may contribute to neurological deficits associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). PAE is a risk factor for developing peripheral immune and spinal glial sensitization and release of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β, which lead to neuropathic pain (allodynia) from minor nerve injury. Although morphine acts on μ-opioid receptors, it also activates immune receptors, TLR4, and the NLRP3 inflammasome that induces IL-1β. We hypothesized that PAE induces NLRP3 sensitization by morphine following nerve injury in adult mice.