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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Dec 2023 - 29 Dec 2023

2023 Nov 28

Mar Drugs




Potentiating TRPA1 by Sea Anemone Peptide Ms 9a-1 Reduces Pain and Inflammation in a Model of Osteoarthritis.


Maleeva EE, Palikova YA, Palikov VA, Kazakov VA, Simonova MA, Logashina YA, Tarasova NV, Dyachenko IA, Andreev YA


Progressive articular surface degradation during arthritis causes ongoing pain and hyperalgesia that lead to the development of functional disability. TRPA1 channel significantly contributes to the activation of sensory neurons that initiate neurogenic inflammation and mediates pain signal transduction to the central nervous system. Peptide Ms 9a-1 from the sea anemone is a positive allosteric modulator of TRPA1 and shows significant anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity in different models of pain. We used a model of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of Ms 9a-1 in comparison with APHC3 (a polypeptide modulator of TRPV1 channel) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as meloxicam and ibuprofen. Administration of Ms 9a-1 (0.1 mg/kg, subcutaneously) significantly reversed joint swelling, disability, thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity, and grip strength impairment. The effect of Ms 9a-1 was equal to or better than that of reference drugs. Post-treatment histological analysis revealed that long-term administration of Ms9a-1 could reduce inflammatory changes in joints and prevent the progression of cartilage and bone destruction at the same level as meloxicam. Peptide Ms 9a-1 showed significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in the model of MIA-induced OA, and therefore positive allosteric modulators could be considered for the alleviation of OA symptoms.