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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 May 2024 - 17 May 2024

2024 May 13

Cell Rep




Plp1-expresssing perineuronal DRG cells facilitate colonic and somatic chronic mechanical pain involving Piezo2 upregulation in DRG neurons.


Tiwari N, Smith C, Sharma D, Shen S, Mehta P, Qiao LY


Satellite glial cells (SGCs) of dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) are activated in a variety of chronic pain conditions; however, their mediation roles in pain remain elusive. Here, we take advantage of proteolipid protein (PLP)/creER-driven recombination in the periphery mainly occurring in SGCs of DRGs to assess the role of SGCs in the regulation of chronic mechanical hypersensitivity and pain-like responses in two organs, the distal colon and hindpaw, to test generality. We show that PLP/creER-driven hM3Dq activation increases, and PLP/creER-driven TrkB.T1 deletion attenuates, colon and hindpaw chronic mechanical hypersensitivity, positively associating with calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression in DRGs and phospho-cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) expression in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Activation of Plp1 DRG cells also increases the number of small DRG neurons expressing Piezo2 and acquiring mechanosensitivity and leads to peripheral organ neurogenic inflammation. These findings unravel a role and mechanism of Plp1 cells, mainly SGCs, in the facilitation of chronic mechanical pain and suggest therapeutic targets for pain mitigation.