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Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 Oct 2023 - 20 Oct 2023

2023 Oct 13

Mech Ageing Dev


Piezo1 transforms mechanical stress into pro senescence signals and promotes osteoarthritis severity.


Liu Y, Zhang Z, Li J, Chang B, Lin Q, Wang F, Wang W, Zhang H


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent disease among elderly people and is often characterized by chronic joint pain and dysfunction. Recently, growing evidence of chondrocyte senescence in the pathogenesis of OA has been found, and targeting senescence has started to be recognized as a therapeutic approach for OA. Piezo1, a mechanosensitive Ca channel, has been reported to be harmful in sensing abnormal mechanical overloading and leading to chondrocyte apoptosis. However, whether Piezo1 can transform mechanical signals into senescence signals has rarely been reported. In this study, we found that severe OA cartilage expressed more Piezo1 and the senescence markers p16 and p21. 24h of periodic mechanical stress induced chondrocyte senescence in vitro. In addition, we demonstrated the pivotal role of Piezo1 in OA chondrocyte senescence induced by mechanical stress. Piezo1 sensed mechanical stress and promoted chondrocyte senescence via its Ca channel ability. Moreover, Piezo1 promoted SASP factors production under mechanical stress, particularly in IL-6 and IL-1β. p38MAPK and NF-κB activation were two key pathways that responded to Piezo1 activation and promoted IL-6 and IL-1β production, respectively. Collectively, our study revealed a connection between abnormal mechanical stress and chondrocyte senescence, which was mediated by Piezo1.