I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Feb 2024 - 16 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 12

Biochem Pharmacol


PGC-1α activation ameliorates cancer-induced bone pain via inhibiting apoptosis of GABAergic interneurons.


Chen N, Zhan RN, Liu DQ, Zhang Y, Tian YK, Zhou YQ


Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) stands out as one of the most challenging issues in clinical practice due to its intricate and not fully elucidated pathophysiological mechanisms. Existing evidence has pointed toward the significance of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) down-regulation in contributing to pain behaviors in various rodent models of neuropathic pain. In our current study, we aimed to investigate the role of PGC-1α in CIBP. Our results unveiled a reduction in PGC-1α expression within the spinal cord of CIBP rats, particularly in GABAergic interneurons. Notably, intrathecal administration of the PGC-1α activator ZLN005 suppressed the loss of spinal GABAergic interneurons. This suppression was achieved by inhibiting caspase-3-mediated apoptosis, ultimately leading to the alleviation of mechanical allodynia in CIBP rats. Further exploration into the mechanism revealed that PGC-1α activation played a pivotal role in mitigating ATP depletion and reactive oxygen species accumulation linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. This was achieved through the restoration of mitochondrial biogenesis and the activation of the SIRT3-SOD2 pathway. Impressively, the observed effects were prominently reversed upon the application of SR18292, a specific PGC-1α inhibitor. In conclusion, our findings strongly suggest that PGC-1α activation acts as a potent inhibitor of apoptosis in spinal GABAergic interneurons. This inhibition is mediated by the improvement of mitochondrial function, facilitated in part through the enhancement of mitochondrial biogenesis and the activation of the SIRT3-SOD2 pathway. The results of our study shed light on potential therapeutic avenues for addressing CIBP.