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Papers of the Week

Papers: 27 May 2023 - 2 Jun 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, In Vitro Studies, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Itch

2023 May 08





Parnassin, a Novel Therapeutic Peptide, Alleviates Skin Lesions in a DNCB-Induced Atopic Dermatitis Mouse Model.


Hwang-Bo J, Veerappan K, Moon H, Lee TH, Lee KW, Park J, Chung H


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which requires continuous treatment due to its relapsing nature. The current treatment includes steroids and nonsteroidal agents targeting inflammation but long-term administration causes various side effects such as skin atrophy, hirsutism, hypertension and diarrhea. Thus, there is an unmet need for safer and effective therapeutic agents in the treatment of AD. Peptides are small biomolecule drugs which are highly potent and remarkably have less side effects. Parnassin is a tetrapeptide with predicted anti-microbial activity curated from transcriptome data. In this study, we confirmed the effect of parnassin on AD using a DNCB-induced AD mouse model and TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT cells. In the AD mouse model, topical administration of parnassin improved skin lesions and symptoms in AD mice, such as epidermal thickening and mast cell infiltration, similar to the existing treatment, dexamethasone, and did not affect body weight, or the size and weight of spleen. In TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT cells, parnassin inhibited the expression of Th2-type chemokine CCL17 and CCL22 genes by suppressing JAK2 and p38 MAPK signaling kinases and their downstream transcription factor STAT1. Parnassin also significantly reduced the gene expression of TSLP and IL-31, which are pruritus-inducing cytokines. These findings suggested that parnassin alleviates AD-like lesions via its immunomodulatory effects and can be used as a candidate drug for the prevention and treatment of AD because it is safer than existing treatments.