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Papers of the Week

Papers: 1 Jun 2024 - 7 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 04

J Pain


Oxymatrine and Gut Microbiota Modulation: A Potential Therapeutic Strategy for Bone Cancer Pain Management.


Liu Z, Chen H, Ning X, Li J, Pan L


Chronic pain often coincides with changes in gut microbiota composition. Yet, the role of gut microbiota in bone cancer pain(BCP) is still not fully understood. This study investigated the role of gut microbiota in BCP and the effect of oxymatrine(OMT) on gut microbiota in BCP. A BCP mice model was developed to assess gut microbiota composition, serum and brain tissue butyric acid levels, and blood-brain barrier(BBB) permeability. Microbiota transplantation was used to restore gut microbiota, and the effect of Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) or sodium butyrate(NaB) supplementation on pain-related behaviors and BBB integrity was evaluated. The potential benefits of OMT on gut microbiota composition, PPARγ/COX-2 signaling, BBB integrity, and pain-related behaviors were also explored. BCP significantly altered gut microbiota composition and reduced serum and brain tissue butyric acid levels. Additionally, BBB permeability increased considerably in the BCP group compared to sham and control mice. Microbiota transplantation, as well as C. butyricum or NaB supplementation, ameliorated pain-related behaviors and BBB integrity; the supplementation of C. butyricum or NaB boosted brain tight junction protein expression, potentially through modulating PPARγ/COX-2 signaling. OMT influenced gut microbiota composition and regulated PPARγ/COX-2 signaling in the BCP model, improving pain-related behaviors and BBB integrity. BCP affects gut microbiota composition and butyric acid levels. Modulating gut microbiota and butyric acid levels through transplantation or supplementation may alleviate BCP. OMT shows potential as a treatment by altering gut microbiota composition and regulating PPARγ/COX-2 signaling. These findings provide new insights into BCP pathophysiology and possible treatments. PERSPECTIVE: This study explores the impact of gut microbiota on bone cancer pain (BCP). Microbiota transplantation alleviates BCP and enhances BBB integrity. Also, Clostridium butyricum or sodium butyrate improves BBB via PPARγ/COX-2. Oxymatrine (OMT), a BCP treatment, modifies microbiota by regulating PPARγ/COX-2, in turn improving pain and BBB integrity. These findings suggest a therapeutic approach, emphasizing clinical relevance in targeting gut microbiota and restoring butyric acid levels.