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Papers of the Week

Papers: 27 Jan 2024 - 2 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 01

Sci Rep




Outlining the skin-homing and circulating CLANK cells in patients with severe atopic dermatitis.


de Lima JF, Teixeira FME, Ramos YÁL, de Carvalho GC, Castelo Branco ACC, Pereira NV, Sotto MN, Aoki V, Sato MN, Orfali RL


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a complex, multifactorial skin disease, characterized by pruritus and predominant Th2 inflammation. Innate immune cells may play a role in AD development and are composed of granulocytes, macrophages, innate-like T cells, and innate lymphoid cells. This study investigates the phenotypic and functional profile of circulating CLA natural killer (NK) cells and its role in the skin-homing to NK cells infiltrated in adults’ skin with AD. We selected 44 AD patients and 27 non-AD volunteers for the study. The results showed increased frequencies of both CLACD56 and CLACD56 NK cell populations in the peripheral blood, mainly in severe AD patients. Upon SEB stimulation, we observed an augmented percentage of CLACD56 NK cells expressing CD107a, IFN-γ, IL-10, and TNF, reinforcing the role of staphylococcal enterotoxins in AD pathogenesis. Additionally, we demonstrated increased dermal expression of both NK cell markers NCAM-1/CD56 and pan-granzyme, corroborating the skin-homing, mostly in severe AD. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the potential role of NK cells in the chronification of the inflammatory process in AD skin, as well as their possible relationship with staphylococcal enterotoxins, and as practicable therapeutic targets.