The purpose of the present study is to examine possible differences between orofacial migraine (OFM) and neurovascular orofacial pain (NVOP). Facial presentations of primary headache are comparable to primary headache disorders; but occurring in the V2 or V3 dermatomes of the trigeminal nerve. These were classified and recently published in the International Classification of Orofacial Pain, 1st edition (ICOP). A category in this classification is “orofacial pains resembling presentations of primary headaches,” which encompasses OFM and NVOP. The differences between NVOP and OFM are subtle, and their response to therapy may be similar. While classified under two separate entities, they contain many features in common, suggesting a possible overlap between the two. Consequently, their separation into two entities warrants further investigations. We describe OFM and NVOP, and their pathophysiology is discussed. The similarities and segregating clinical signs and symptoms are analyzed, and the possibility of unifying the two entities is debated.