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Papers: 20 Jan 2024 - 26 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 12





Ophthalmological Manifestations in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Keep an Eye on It.


Migliorisi G, Vella G, Dal Buono A, Gabbiadini R, Busacca A, Loy L, Bezzio C, Vinciguerra P, Armuzzi A


Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are multifactorial chronic inflammatory disorders affecting the gastrointestinal tract. However, a broad spectrum of extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) is associated with IBD, affecting several organs and systems, such as the skin, musculoskeletal and hepatobiliary systems, and, not least, the eye. Approximately 10% of IBD patients can develop ocular EIMs (O-EIMs) with a higher prevalence in Crohn’s disease (CD). Eye-redness, photophobia, pain, and blurred vision are the common symptoms, with a wide rate of severity and clinical impact on the quality of life. This narrative review aims to summarize the prevalence, pathogenesis, and current evidence-based management of O-EIMs, underlying the importance of a holistic approach and specialties collaboration for a prompt diagnosis and treatment.