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Papers of the Week

Papers: 4 Mar 2023 - 10 Mar 2023


Pharmacology/Drug Development


2023 Mar 08

Curr Drug Res Rev


Odevixibat: A Review of a Bioactive Compound for the Treatment of Pruritus Approved by the FDA.


Porwal M, Kumar A, Rastogi V, Maheshwari KK, Verma A


Odevixibat is synthesized through chemical modification of Benzothiazepine’s structure. It is a tiny chemical that inhibits the ileal bile acid transporter and is used to treat a variety of cholestatic illnesses, including progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC). For cholestatic pruritus and liver disease development, bile acid transporter inhibition is a unique treatment strategy. Odevixibat reduces enteric bile acid reuptake. Oral odevixibat was also studied in children with cholestatic liver disease. Odevixibat received its first approval in the European Union (EU) in July 2021 for the treatment of PFIC in patients aged 6 months, followed by approval in the USA in August 2021 for the treatment of pruritus in PFIC patients aged 3 months. Bile acids in the distal ileum can be reabsorbed by the ileal sodium/bile acid cotransporter, a transport glycoprotein. Odevixibat is a sodium/bile acid co-transporter reversible inhibitor. An average 3 mg once-daily dose of odevixibat for a week resulted in a 56% reduction in the area under the curve of bile acid. A daily dose of 1.5 mg resulted in a 43% decrease in the area under the curve for bile acid. Odevixibat is also being evaluated in many countries for the treatment of other cholestatic illnesses, including Alagille syndrome and biliary atresia. This article reviews the updated information on odevixibat with respect to its clinical pharmacology, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, metabolism, drug-drug interactions, pre-clinical studies, and clinical trials.