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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 Sep 2023 - 6 Oct 2023

2023 Sep 28

Int J Biol Macromol


Novel marine natural products as effective TRPV1 channel blockers.


Ye W, Lui ST, Zhao Q, Wong YM, Cheng A, Sung HH, Williams ID, Qian PY, Huang P


Chronic pain management poses a formidable challenge to healthcare, exacerbated by current analgesic options’ limitations and adverse effects. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a non-selective cation channel, has emerged as a promising target for novel analgesics. However, safety and tolerability concerns have constrained the development of TRPV1 modulators. In this study, we explored marine-derived natural products as a source of potential TRPV1 modulators using high-throughput dye-uptake assays. We identified chrexanthomycins, a family of hexacyclic xanthones, exhibited potent TRPV1 inhibitory effects, with compounds cC and cF demonstrating the most significant activity. High-resolution patch-clamp assays confirmed the direct action of these compounds on the TRPV1 channel. Furthermore, in vivo assays revealed that cC and cF effectively suppressed capsaicin-induced pain sensation in mice, comparable to the known TRPV1 inhibitor, capsazepine. Structural-activity relationship analysis highlighted the importance of specific functional groups in modulating TRPV1 activity. Our findings underscore the therapeutic potential of chrexanthomycins and pave the way for further investigations into marine-derived TRPV1 modulators for pain management.