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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Jun 2024 - 5 Jul 2024


Front Mol Neurosci



Novel insights into STIM1’s role in store-operated calcium entry and its implications for T-cell mediated inflammation in trigeminal neuralgia.


Cheng G, Zhao Y, Sun F, Zhang Q


This investigation aims to elucidate the novel role of Stromal Interaction Molecule 1 (STIM1) in modulating store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) and its subsequent impact on inflammatory cytokine release in T lymphocytes, thereby advancing our understanding of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) pathogenesis. Employing the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, we extracted microarray data pertinent to TN to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). A subsequent comparison with SOCE-related genes from the Genecards database helped pinpoint potential target genes. The STRING database facilitated protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis to spotlight STIM1 as a gene of interest in TN. Through histological staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and behavioral assessments, we probed STIM1’s pathological effects on TN in rat models. Additionally, we examined STIM1’s influence on the SOCE pathway in trigeminal ganglion cells using techniques like calcium content measurement, patch clamp electrophysiology, and STIM1- ORAI1 co-localization studies. Changes in the expression of inflammatory markers (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) in T cells were quantified using Western blot (WB) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) , while immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry were applied to assess these cytokines and T cell count alterations. Our bioinformatic approach highlighted STIM1’s significant overexpression in TN patients, underscoring its pivotal role in TN’s etiology and progression. Experimental findings from both and studies corroborated STIM1’s regulatory influence on the SOCE pathway. Furthermore, STIM1 was shown to mediate SOCE-induced inflammatory cytokine release in T lymphocytes, a critical factor in TN development. Supportive evidence from histological, ultrastructural, and behavioral analyses reinforced the link between STIM1-mediated SOCE and T lymphocyte-driven inflammation in TN pathogenesis. This study presents novel evidence that STIM1 is a key regulator of SOCE and inflammatory cytokine release in T lymphocytes, contributing significantly to the pathogenesis of trigeminal neuralgia. Our findings not only deepen the understanding of TN’s molecular underpinnings but also potentially open new avenues for targeted therapeutic strategies.