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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Mar 2024 - 15 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 05





Nicotinamide Riboside Augments Human Macrophage Migration via SIRT3-Mediated Prostaglandin E2 Signaling.


Wu J, Bley M, Steans RS, Meadows AM, Huffstutler RD, Tian R, Griffin JL, Sack MN


NAD boosting via nicotinamide riboside (NR) confers anti-inflammatory effects. However, its underlying mechanisms and therapeutic potential remain incompletely defined. Here, we showed that NR increased the expression of CC-chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) in human M1 macrophages by flow cytometric analysis of cell surface receptors. Consequently, chemokine ligand 19 (CCL19, ligand for CCR7)-induced macrophage migration was enhanced following NR administration. Metabolomics analysis revealed that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was increased by NR in human monocytes and in human serum following in vivo NR supplementation. Furthermore, NR-mediated upregulation of macrophage migration through CCL19/CCR7 was dependent on PGE2 synthesis. We also demonstrated that NR upregulated PGE2 synthesis through SIRT3-dependent post-transcriptional regulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). The NR/SIRT3/migration axis was further validated using the scratch-test model where NR and SIRT3 promoted more robust migration across a uniformly disrupted macrophage monolayer. Thus, NR-mediated metabolic regulation of macrophage migration and wound healing may have therapeutic potential for the topical management of chronic wound healing.