I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 April 2024 - 12 April 2024

2024 Apr 05

Biochem Biophys Res Commun



Neutrophil extracellular traps as a unique target in the treatment of inflammatory pain.


Qin W, Li Y, Cui J, Yu B, Yu L, Yang C


Pain is a widespread motivation for seeking healthcare and stands as a substantial global public health concern. Despite comprehensive investigations into the mechanisms of pain sensitization induced by inflammation, efficacious treatments options remain scarce. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been associated with the progression and tissue damage of diverse inflammatory diseases. This study aims to explore the impact of NETs on the progression of inflammatory pain and explore potential therapeutic approaches. Initially, we observed neutrophil infiltration and the formation of NETs in the left hind paw of mice with inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA). Furthermore, we employed the peptidyl arginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) inhibitor Cl-amidine (diluted at 50 mg/kg in saline, administered via tail vein injection once daily for three days) to impede NETs formation and administered DNase1 (diluted at 10 mg/kg in saline, once daily for three days) to break down NETs. We investigated the pathological importance of peripheral NETs formation in inflammatory pain and its influence on the activation of spinal dorsal horn microglia. The findings indicate that neutrophils infiltrating locally generate NETs, leading to an increased release of inflammatory mediators that worsen peripheral inflammatory reactions. Consequently, this results in the transmission of more harmful peripheral stimuli to the spinal cord, triggering microglial activation and NF-κB phosphorylation, thereby escalating neuroinflammation and fostering pain sensitization. Suppression of peripheral NETs can mitigate peripheral inflammation in mice with inflammatory pain, reverse mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity by suppressing microglial activation in the spinal cord, ultimately diminishing inflammatory pain. In conclusion, these discoveries propose that obstructing or intervening with NETs introduces a novel therapeutic avenue for addressing inflammatory pain.