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Papers of the Week

Papers: 4 Nov 2023 - 10 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 07

Cell Mol Neurobiol


Neuromodulation Through Magnetic Fields Irradiation with AT-04 Improves Hyperalgesia in a Rat Model of Neuropathic Pain via Descending Pain Modulatory Systems and Opioid Analgesia.


Kohno T, Takaki K, Kishita K, Mitsutake K, Tofuku N, Kishita I


Neuromodulation through magnetic fields irradiation with ait® (AT-04), a device that irradiates a mixed alternating magnetic fields (2 kHz and 83.3 MHz), has been shown to have high efficacy for fibromyalgia and low back pain in our previous clinical trials. The aim of this study was to elucidate the underlying analgesic mechanism of the AT-04 using the partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL) model as an animal model of neuropathic pain. AT-04 was applied to PSL model rats with hyperalgesia and its pain-improving effect was verified by examining mechanical allodynia using the von Frey method. The results demonstrated a significant improvement in hyperalgesia in PSL model rats. We also examined the involvement of descending pain modulatory systems in the analgesic effects of AT-04 using antagonism by serotonin and noradrenergic receptor antagonists. These antagonists significantly reduced the analgesic effect of AT-04 on pain in PSL model rats by approximately 50%. We also measured the amount of serotonin and noradrenaline in the spinal fluid of PSL model rats using microdialysis during AT-04 treatment. Both monoamines were significantly increased by magnetic fields irradiation with AT-04. Furthermore, we evaluated the involvement of opioid analgesia in the analgesic effects of AT-04 using naloxone, the main antagonist of the opioid receptor, and found that it significantly antagonized the effects by approximately 60%. Therefore, the analgesic effects of AT-04 in PSL model rats involve both the endogenous pain modulation systems, including the descending pain modulatory system and the opioid analgesic system.