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Papers of the Week

Papers: 29 Jun 2024 - 5 Jul 2024

2024 Jun

Annu Rev Immunol




Neuroimmune Interactions in the Intestine.


Wallrapp A, Chiu IM


Recent advances have contributed to a mechanistic understanding of neuroimmune interactions in the intestine and revealed an essential role of this cross talk for gut homeostasis and modulation of inflammatory and infectious intestinal diseases. In this review, we describe the innervation of the intestine by intrinsic and extrinsic neurons and then focus on the bidirectional communication between neurons and immune cells. First, we highlight the contribution of neuronal subtypes to the development of colitis and discuss the different immune and epithelial cell types that are regulated by neurons via the release of neuropeptides and neurotransmitters. Next, we review the role of intestinal inflammation in the development of visceral hypersensitivity and summarize how inflammatory mediators induce peripheral and central sensitization of gut-innervating sensory neurons. Finally, we outline the importance of immune cells and gut microbiota for the survival and function of different neuronal populations at homeostasis and during bacterial and helminth infection.