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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Mar 2024 - 7 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 06



Nav1.8 in small dorsal root ganglion neurons contributes to vincristine-induced mechanical allodynia.


Nascimento de Lima AP, Zhang H, Chen L, Effraim PR, Gomis-Perez C, Cheng X, Huang J, Waxman SG, Dib-Hajj SD


Vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN) is a common side effect of vincristine treatment, which is accompanied by pain and can be dose-limiting. The molecular mechanisms that underlie vincristine-induced pain are not well understood. We have established an animal model to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms of vincristine induced pain. Our previous studies have shown that the tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.6 in medium-diameter dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons contributes to the maintenance of vincristine-induced allodynia. In this study, we investigated the effects of vincristine administration on excitability in small-diameter DRG neurons and whether the tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) NaV1.8 channels contribute to mechanical allodynia. Current-clamp recordings demonstrated that small DRG neurons become hyper-excitable following vincristine treatment, with both reduced current threshold and increased firing frequency. Using voltage-clamp recordings in small DRG neurons we now show an increase in TTX-R current density and a -7.3 mV hyperpolarizing shift in V1/2 of activation of NaV1.8 channels in vincristine-treated animals, which likely contributes to the hyperexcitability that we observed in these neurons. Notably, vincristine treatment did not enhance excitability of small DRG neurons from NaV1.8 knockout mice, and the development of mechanical allodynia was delayed but not abrogated in these mice. Together, our data suggest that sodium channel NaV1.8 in small DRG neurons contributes to the development of vincristine-induced mechanical allodynia.