Morphine tolerance is an important factor in unsatisfactory analgesia. HADHA is a crucial enzyme in fatty acid β-oxidation. In this study, we investigated the potential significance of HADHA in a mechanism that might cause morphine tolerance related to functional changes in energy metabolism and further explored the effect of HADHA desuccinylation on morphine tolerance. Rats received daily intrathecal injections of 10 µg of morphine for a duration of 7 consecutive days, and pain thresholds were measured using the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal tail flick latency (TFL) tests. µ-Opioid receptor (MOR), LC3-I/II, and P62 expression and HADHA succinylation were assessed. HADHA succinylation was analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC‒MS/MS) and parallel reaction monitoring (PRM). Morphine influenced the LC3II/LC3I ratio and P62 expression level, which are crucial indicators of autophagy, and stimulated HADHA succinylation. Additionally, HADHA was selectively bound by the desuccinylase SIRT5, and SIRT5 overexpression decreased HADHA succinylation, reduced P62 expression, and alleviated morphine tolerance.