Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful degenerative joint disease and is the leading cause of chronic disability among elderly individuals. To improve the quality of life for patients with OA, the primary goal for OA treatment is to relieve the pain. During OA progression, nerve ingrowth was observed in synovial tissue and articular cartilage. These abnormal neonatal nerves act as nociceptors to detect OA pain signals. The molecular mechanisms for transmitting OA pain in the joint tissues to the central nerve system (CNS) is currently unknown. MicroRNA miR-204 has been demonstrated to maintain the homeostasis of joint tissues and have chondro-protective effect on OA pathogenesis. However, the role of miR-204 in OA pain has not been determined. In this study, we investigated interactions between chondrocytes and neural cells and evaluated the effect and mechanism of miR-204 delivered by exosome in the treatment of OA pain in an experimental OA mouse model. Our findings demonstrated that miR-204 could protect OA pain by inhibition of SP1- LDL Receptor Related Protein 1 (LRP1) signaling and blocking neuro-cartilage interaction in the joint. Our studies defined novel molecular targets for the treatment of OA pain.