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Papers: 22 Jun 2024 - 28 Jun 2024

2024 Jun 16

Aging Dis


Mind the Metabolic Gap: Bridging Migraine and Alzheimer’s disease through Brain Insulin Resistance.


Del Moro L, Pirovano E, Rota E


Brain insulin resistance has recently been described as a metabolic abnormality of brain glucose homeostasis that has been proven to downregulate insulin receptors, both in astrocytes and neurons, triggering a reduction in glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis. This condition may generate a mismatch between brain’s energy reserve and expenditure, mainly during high metabolic demand, which could be involved in the chronification of migraine and, in the long run, at least in certain subsets of patients, in the prodromic phase of Alzheimer’s disease, along a putative metabolic physiopathological continuum. Indeed, the persistent disruption of glucose homeostasis and energy supply to neurons may eventually impair protein folding, an energy-requiring process, promoting pathological changes in Alzheimer’s disease, such as amyloid-β deposition and tau hyperphosphorylation. Hopefully, the “neuroenergetic hypothesis” presented herein will provide further insight on there being a conceivable metabolic bridge between chronic migraine and Alzheimer’s disease, elucidating novel potential targets for the prophylactic treatment of both diseases.