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Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 12

Sci Rep




Migraine is associated with the development of adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a nationwide, population-based study.


Lee CH, Han K, Lee HJ, Yu H, Kim S, Choi K, Koh SJ, Im JP, Kim JS


It has been reported that migraine is more common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than in general. However, the impact of migraine on the development of IBD has not yet been elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the association between migraine and the development of IBD. This nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database. A total of 10,628,070 people aged 20 years or older who had undergone a national health examination conducted by the NHIS in 2009 were followed up until 2017. The study population was divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of migraine. We analyzed the incidence of newly developed IBD, Crohn’s disease (CD), or ulcerative colitis (UC) during the follow-up period. The incidence of IBD was significantly higher in patients with migraine (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] with 95% confidence interval [95%CI] of 1.31 [1.173-1.468], p < 0.001), CD (aHR with 95%CI of 1.58 [1.237-2.013], p < 0.001) and UC (aHR with 95%CI of 1.26 [1.106-1.424], p < 0.001) than in those without migraine. After 5 years of follow-up, those with migraine showed curves implying cumulative incidences of IBD with a steep increase, especially for CD. In subgroup analysis, migraine was associated with the risk of UC in males (aHR, 1.431 vs. 1.117; interaction p = 0.042). Migraine is significantly associated with the development of IBD. Patients with migraine should be monitored carefully for the development of IBD.