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Papers: 23 Mar 2024 - 29 Mar 2024

2024 Mar 25

Acta Neurol Belg


Migraine and gasdermin D: a new perspective on the inflammatory basis of migraine.


Ocal R, Buldukoglu OC, Hasoglan MG, Korucuk M, Cekin Y, Ocal S


Migraine is a common and disabling primary headache disorder and inflammation is a proposed factor in the complex ethiology of the disease. Gasdermin D (GSDMD) is a membrane pore-forming protein acting through the caspase system. End result is cell death caused by leakage of intracellular components to extracellular space which also results in inflammation. Stemming from this knowledge, the potential role of GSDMD in migraine was investigated in this prospective study. This prospective study was conducted between September 2022 to April 2023. 47 patients with migraine were designated as the patient group, whereas 47 healthy volunteers were designated as the control group. Serum GSDMD levels of both groups were compared, with an additional comparison between migraine patients during symptom-free and attack periods. Migraine related characteristics of the patients were also included in the study. Median GSDMD levels of the patient and control group did not reveal a significant difference. Nausea, vomiting and severity of headache were found to be correlated with GSDMD levels in migraine patients. Patients with nausea revealed a higher GSDMD level compared to patients without nausea during both symptom-free and attack periods (p = 0.021 and p = 0.01, respectively). Nausea was correlated to higher GSDMD levels in the patient population during symptom-free period (p = 0.030). The severity of pain was positively correlated with GSDMD levels during the attack period (p < 0.001). Gasdermin family and GSDMD in particular are promising prospects for therapy in a wide spectrum of disorders. Gasdermin proteins are candidates to be the focus for future studies both related to pathogenesis and drug therapy in migraine and varying inflammatory-driven clinical pictures.