I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 May 2024 - 17 May 2024

2024 May 11

Exp Cell Res


MIF Inhibition Attenuates Intervertebral Disc Degeneration by Reducing Nucleus Pulposus Cell Apoptosis and Inflammation.


Dong Z, Yang P, Ji Z, Fan C, Wang J, Zhu P, Zhou F, Gan M, Wu X, Geng D


Nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) apoptosis and inflammation are the extremely critical factors of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Nevertheless, the underlying procedure remains mysterious. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that promotes inflammation and has been demonstrated to have a significant impact on apoptosis and inflammation. For this research, we employed a model of NPCs degeneration stimulated by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and a rat acupuncture IVDD model to examine the role of MIF in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Initially, we verified that there was a significant rise of MIF expression in the NP tissues of individuals with IVDD, as well as in rat models of IVDD. Furthermore, this augmented expression of MIF was similarly evident in degenerated NPCs. Afterward, it was discovered that ISO-1, a MIF inhibitor, effectively decreased the quantity of cells undergoing apoptosis and inhibited the release of inflammatory molecules (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6). Furthermore, it has been shown that the PI3K/Akt pathway plays a vital part in the regulation of NPCs degeneration by MIF. Ultimately, we showcased that the IVDD process was impacted by the MIF inhibitor in the rat model. In summary, our experimental results substantiate the significant involvement of MIF in the degeneration of NPCs, and inhibiting MIF activity can effectively mitigate IVDD.