I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 May 2023 - 12 May 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Inflammation/Inflammatory, Neuropathic Pain

2023 May 09

Behav Brain Res


MG53 ameliorates nerve injury induced neuropathic pain through the regulation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling in rats.


Zhu XZ, Wang JQ, Wu YH


Neuropathic pain is one of the most common types of chronic pain, and it arises as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease that affects the somatosensory system. Mitsugumin53 (MG53), which is a member of the TRIM family of proteins and is known as TRIM72, exerts protective effects on muscle, lung, kidney, brain, and other cells or tissues. Recently, increasing evidence has indicated that MG53 plays a vital role in regulating neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. However, the relationship between MG53 and neuropathic pain is unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of MG3 in neuropathic pain after chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the sciatic nerve in rats. To explore the mechanism of MG53 regulating the development of neuropathic pain, the rats was injected (intrathecal injection) of recombinant human MG53 (rhMG53) protein and/or nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) siRNA after CCI. Mechanical allodynia or thermal hyperalgesia was assessed by the 50% paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) or the paw withdrawal latency (PWL). The target molecules was detected using western blotting (WB), immunofluorescence (IF), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), biochemical evaluations, and Dihydroethidium (DHE) staining. The results indicated that the expression level of MG53 in the spinal cord was increased after CCI in rats. Moreover, intrathecal injection with rhMG53 protein notably alleviated CCI-induced mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, neuroinflammation,oxidative stress and the increased level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via activation of the Nrf2/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway. However, administration of Nrf2 siRNA abrogated the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of rhMG53 in CCI model rats. Our study demonstrated that MG53 improved neuropathic pain, neuroinflammation, and oxidative stress via activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in the spinal cord of CCI model rats, which suggested that MG53 may serve as a new target for the treatment of neuropathic pain.