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Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 07

Mol Pain


Methylglyoxal activates Transient receptor potential A1/V1 via reactive oxygen species in the spinal dorsal horn.


Ueno T, Yamanaka M, Taniguchi W, Nishio N, Matsuyama Y, Miyake R, Kaimochi Y, Nakatsuka T, Yamada H


Methylglyoxal (MGO), a highly reactive dicarbonyl metabolite of glucose primarily formed during the glycolytic pathway, is a precursor of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). Recently, numerous studies have shown that MGO accumulation can cause pain and hyperalgesia. However, the mechanism through which MGO induces pain in the spinal dorsal horn remains unclear. The present study investigated the effect of MGO on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSC) in rat spinal dorsal horn neurons using blind whole-cell patch-clamp recording. Perfusion of MGO increased the frequency and amplitude of sEPSC in spinal horn neurons in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, MGO administration increased the number of miniature EPSC (mEPSC) in the presence of tetrodotoxin, a sodium channel blocker. However, 6-cyano-7-nitroqiunocaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), an AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist, blocked the enhancement of sEPSC by MGO. HC-030031, a TRP ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) antagonist, and capsazepine, a TRP vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) antagonist, inhibited the action of MGO. Notably, the effects of MGO were completely inhibited by HC-030031 and capsazepine. MGO generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) via AGEs. ROS also potentially induce pain via TRPA1 and TRPV1 in the spinal dorsal horn. Furthermore, we examined the effect of MGO in the presence of N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN), a non-selective ROS scavenger, and found that the effect of MGO was completely inhibited. These results suggest that MGO increases spontaneous glutamate release from the presynaptic terminal to spinal dorsal horn neurons through TRPA1, TRPV1, and ROS and could enhance excitatory synaptic transmission.