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Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Dec 2023 - 22 Dec 2023

2023 Dec 19

Brain Res


Menthol dural application alters meningeal arteries tone and enhances excitability of trigeminocervical neurons in rats.


Sokolov AY, Mengal M, Berkovich R


Headaches, including migraines, can have a causal relationship to exposure to cold, and this relationship may be both positive and negative, as cold can both provoke and alleviate cephalgia. The role of thermoreceptors responsible for transduction of low temperatures belongs to the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily melastatin member 8 (TRPM8). These channels mediate normal cooling sensation and have a role in both cold pain and cooling-mediated analgesia; they are seen as a potential target for principally new anti-migraine pharmaceuticals. Using a validated animal migraine models, we evaluated effects of menthol, the TRPM8-agonist, on trigeminovascular nociception. In acute experiments on male rats, effects of applied durally menthol solution in various concentrations on the neurogenic dural vasodilatation (NDV) and firing rate of dura-sensitive neurons of the trigeminocervical complex (TCC) were assessed. Application of menthol solution in concentrations of 5% and 10% was associated with NDV suppression, however amplitude reduction of the dilatation response caused not by the vascular dilatation degree decrease, but rather due to the significant increase of the meningeal arterioles’ basal tone. In electrophysiological experiments the 1% and 30% menthol solutions intensified TCC neuron responses to the dural electrical stimulation while not changing their background activity. Revealed in our study excitatory effects of menthol related to the vascular as well as neuronal branches of the trigeminovascular system indicate pro-cephalalgic effects of TRPM8-activation and suggest feasibility of further search for new anti-migraine substances among TRPM8-antagonists.