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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 May 2024 - 17 May 2024

2024 May 14

J Clin Invest


Meningeal lymphatic CGRP signaling governs pain via cerebrospinal fluid efflux and neuroinflammation in migraine models.


Nelson-Maney NP, Balint L, Beeson AL, Serafin DS, Kistner BM, Douglas ES, Siddiqui AH, Tauro AM, Caron KM


Recently developed anti-migraine therapeutics targeting calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) signaling are effective, though their sites of activity remain elusive. Notably, the lymphatic vasculature is responsive to CGRP signaling, but whether meningeal lymphatic vessels (MLVs) contribute to migraine pathophysiology is unknown. Mice with lymphatic vasculature deficient in the CGRP receptor (CalcrliLEC mice) treated with nitroglycerin (NTG)-mediated chronic migraine exhibit reduced pain and light avoidance compared to NTG-treated littermate controls. Gene expression profiles of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) isolated from the meninges of Rpl22HA/+;Lyve1Cre RiboTag mice treated with NTG revealed increased MLV-immune interactions compared to cells from untreated mice. Interestingly, the relative abundance of mucosal vascular addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM1)-interacting CD4+ T cells was increased in the deep cervical lymph nodes of NTG-treated control mice but not in NTG-treated CalcrliLEC mice. Treatment of cultured hLECs with CGRP peptide in vitro induced vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin rearrangement and reduced functional permeability. Likewise, intra cisterna magna injection of CGRP caused rearrangement of VE-Cadherin, decreased MLV uptake of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and impaired CSF drainage in control mice, but not in CalcrliLEC mice. Collectively, these findings reveal a previously unrecognized role for lymphatics in chronic migraine, whereby CGRP signaling primes MLVs-immune interactions and reduces CSF efflux.