I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 17 Feb 2024 - 23 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 19

J Nanobiotechnology




M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR-26b-5p regulates macrophage polarization and chondrocyte hypertrophy by targeting TLR3 and COL10A1 to alleviate osteoarthritis.


Qian Y, Chu G, Zhang L, Wu Z, Wang Q, Guo JJ, Zhou F


Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most prevalent chronic musculoskeletal diseases among the elderly population. In this study, macrophage-derived exosomes were isolated and identified. Exosomes were subjected to microRNA (miRNA) sequencing and bioinformatic analysis, and differentially expressed miRNAs were verified. miR-26b-5p target genes were confirmed through target-site mutation combined with a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The effects of miR-26b-5p on macrophage polarization and chondrocyte hypertrophy were assessed in vitro. miR-26b-5p agomir was applied to mice with OA induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). The therapeutic effects of miR-26b-5p were evaluated via pain behavior experiments and histological observations. In vitro, miR-26b-5p repolarized M1 macrophages to an anti-inflammatory M2 type by targeting the TLR3 signaling pathway. miR-26b-5p could target COL10A1, further inhibiting chondrocyte hypertrophy induced by M1 macrophage-conditioned medium (M1-CM). In vivo, miR-26b-5p agomir ameliorated gait abnormalities and mechanical allodynia in OA mice. miR-26b-5p treatment attenuated synovitis and cartilage degeneration, thereby delaying OA progression. In conclusion, M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR-26b-5p could protect articular cartilage and ameliorate gait abnormalities in OA mice by targeting TLR3 and COL10A1. miR-26b-5p further affected macrophage polarization and chondrocyte hypertrophy. Thus, this exosomal miR-26b-5p-based strategy might be a potential method for OA treatment.