I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Nov 2023 - 1 Dec 2023

2023 Nov 16

Polymers (Basel)




Liquid Crystal Polymer-Based Miniaturized Fully Implantable Deep Brain Stimulator.


Ahn SH, Koh CS, Park M, Jun SB, Chang JW, Kim SJ, Jung HH, Jeong J


A significant challenge in improving the deep brain stimulation (DBS) system is the miniaturization of the device, aiming to integrate both the stimulator and the electrode into a compact unit with a wireless charging capability to reduce invasiveness. We present a miniaturized, fully implantable, and battery-free DBS system designed for rats, using a liquid crystal polymer (LCP), a biocompatible and long-term reliable material. The system integrates the simulator circuit, the receiver coil, and a 20 mm long depth-type microelectrode array in a dome-shaped LCP package that is 13 mm in diameter and 5 mm in height. Wireless powering and control via an inductive link enable device miniaturization, allowing for full implantation and, thus, the free behavior of untethered animals. The eight-channel stimulation electrode array was microfabricated on an LCP substrate to form a multilayered system substrate, which was monolithically encapsulated by a domed LCP lid using a specialized spot-welding process. The device functionality was validated via an in vivo animal experiment using a neuropathic pain model in rats. This experiment demonstrated an increase in the mechanical withdrawal threshold of the rats with microelectrical stimulation delivered using the fully implanted device, highlighting the effectiveness of the system.