The demethylase JmjC structural domain-containing protein 8 (JMJD8) has been demonstrated to be involved in cellular inflammatory responses. Neuropathic pain (NP) is a chronic pain, and it is unclear whether JMJD8 is involved in the regulation of NP. Using a chronic constriction injury (CCI) mouse model of NP, we investigated the expression levels of JMJD8 during NP and the influences of JMJD8 on regulating pain sensitivity. We found that JMJD8 expression in the spinal dorsal horn was reduced after CCI. Immunohistochemistry showed that JMJD8 was colabeled with GFAP innaïve mice. Knockdown of JMJD8 in the spinal dorsal horn astrocytes induced pain behavior. Further study showed that overexpression of JMJD8 in the spinal dorsal horn astrocytes not only reversed pain behavior but also activated the spinal dorsal horn A1 astrocytes. These results suggest that JMJD8 may modulate pain sensitivity by affecting activated the spinal dorsal horn A1 astrocytes and may be a potential therapeutic target for NP.