I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 May 2023 - 26 May 2023


Human Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Orofacial/Head Pain, Psychological/Comorbidities

2023 Mar 17

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg


Is the risk of chronic pain after total temporomandibular joint replacement independent of its indications? A prospective cohort study.


Linsen SS, Teschke M, Heim N, Mercuri LG


Chronic pain is a possible long-term complication after alloplastic temporomandibular joint reconstruction (TMJR). This study was developed to evaluate various subjective and objective measurements to determine the presence and degree of TMJ pain in patients treated with TMJR regardless of the indication for the operation. A prospective, single-centre study was performed. Data on 36 patients (56 TMJR) were collected preoperatively and at follow up two to three years postoperatively. The primary outcome variable was subjective TMJ pain (none/mild, moderate/severe) at follow up. The predictor variables were objective pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) at the ipsilateral joint(s) and muscle(s), functional parameters (incisal range of motion, maximum voluntary clenching), subjective oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and demographic and surgical variables. The number of patients with moderate/severe pain decreased from 17 preoperatively to 10 at follow up. Self-reported TMJ pain was significantly reduced in the entire group (p = 0.001). Patients with moderate/severe pain at follow up were more restricted in their OHRQoL but did not differ in PPT and functional parameters from the no/mild pain group. Moderate/severe TMJ pain at follow up was associated with unilateral TMJR and more preoperative pain. This study provides preliminary evidence that despite good pain reduction in most patients, persistent pain after TMJR is common and, in rare cases, may even worsen regardless of the original diagnosis. At follow up there was a close relation between OHRQoL and TMJ pain. TMJ pain after TMJR cannot be confirmed by objective measurement methods (PPTs and functional parameters).