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Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024


Biomed Res




Involvement of interaction of Cav3.2 and nociceptive TRPA1 in pathological pain transmission.


Nakagawa M, Takahashi K, Nishizawa Y, Ohta T


T-type Ca2+ channels and TRPA1 expressed in sensory neurons are involved in pain. We previously demonstrated a functional interaction of these channels under physiological conditions. Here we investigated the possible involvement of these channels in inflammatory pain condition. We also evaluated the relationship of these channels endogenously expressed in RIN-14B, a rat pancreatic islet tumor cell line. In dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons innervated inflammatory side, [Ca2+]i increases induced by 15 mM KCl (15K) were enhanced in neurons responded to AITC. This enhancement was not observed in genetically TRPA1-deficient neurons. The T-type and AITC-induced currents were larger in neurons of the inflammatory side than in those of the control one. In DRGs of the inflammatory side, the protein expression of Cav3.2, but not TRPA1, was increased. In RIN-14B, 15K-induced [Ca2+]i increases were decreased by blockers of T-type Ca2+ channel and TRPA1, and by TRPA1-silencing. Immunoprecipitation suggested the coexistent of these channels in sensory neurons and RIN-14B. In mice with inflammation, mechanical hypersensitivity was suppressed by blockers of both channels. These data suggest that the interaction of Cav3.2 with TRPA1 in sensory neurons is enhanced via the augmentation of the activities of both channels under inflammatory conditions, indicating that both channels are therapeutic targets for inflammatory pain.