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Papers: 6 Jan 2024 - 12 Jan 2024

2024 Jan 06



Intrathecal Injections of Angiotensin IV and Oxytocin Conjugates Induce Antihyperalgesia and Antiallodynia in Both Sexes of Rats.


Chow LH, Chen YH, Chen YJ, Hung HY, Lin PC, Huang EY


Our previous studies have established that intrathecal oxytocin (OT) and angiotensin IV (Ang IV) injections induce antihyperalgesia and antiallodynia in rodents. Ang IV, a renin-angiotensin system hexapeptide, acts as an endogenous inhibitor that inhibits the oxytocin-degrading enzyme insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP). The pain inhibitory effects by Ang IV were found to be through its inhibition on IRAP to potentiate the effect of OT. However, these effects were found to be with a significant sex difference, which could be partially due to the higher expression of IRAP at the spinal cords of female. Therefore, we synthesized Ang IV and OT conjugates connected with a peptide bond and tested for their effects on hyperalgesia and allodynia. Carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia and partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSNL) were performed using rat models. Conjugates Ang IV-OT (Ang IV at the N-terminal) and OT-Ang IV (OT at the N-terminal) were synthesized and intrathecally injected into male and female rats. Our results showed that Ang IV-OT exhibited prominent antihyperalgesia in male rats, particularly during hyperalgesia recovery, whereas OT-Ang IV was more effective during development stage. Ang IV-OT showed clear antihyperalgesia in female rats, but OT-Ang IV had no significant effect. Notably, both conjugates alleviated neuropathic allodynia in male rats; however, OT-Ang IV had no effect in female rats, whereas Ang IV-OT induced significant antiallodynia. In conclusion, Ang IV-OT has greater therapeutic potential for treating hyperalgesia and allodynia than OT-Ang IV. Its effects were not affected by sex, unlike those of OT and OT-Ang IV, extending its possible clinical applications.