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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Feb 2023 - 3 Mar 2023

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Neuropathic Pain

2023 Feb 08

Int J Mol Sci




Inhibition of Canonical Transient Receptor Potential Channels 4/5 with Highly Selective and Potent Small-Molecule HC-070 Alleviates Mechanical Hypersensitivity in Rat Models of Visceral and Neuropathic Pain.


Jalava N, Kaskinoro J, Chapman H, Morales M, Metsänkylä H, Heinonen SM, Koivisto AP


Transient receptor potential channels C4/C5 are widely expressed in the pain pathway. Here, we studied the putative analgesic efficacy of the highly selective and potent TRPC4/C5 antagonist HC-070 in rats. Inhibitory potency on human TRPC4 was assessed by using the whole-cell manual patch-clamp technique. Visceral pain sensitivity was assessed by the colonic distension test after intra-colonic trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid injection and partial restraint stress. Mechanical pain sensitivity was assessed by the paw pressure test in the chronic constriction injury (CCI) neuropathic pain model. We confirm that HC-070 is a low nanomolar antagonist. Following single oral doses (3-30 mg/kg in male or female rats), colonic hypersensitivity was significantly and dose-dependently attenuated, even fully reversed to baseline. HC-070 also had a significant anti-hypersensitivity effect in the established phase of the CCI model. HC-070 did not have an effect on the mechanical withdrawal threshold of the non-injured paw, whereas the reference compound morphine significantly increased it. Analgesic effects are observed at unbound brain concentrations near the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC) recorded in vitro. This suggests that analgesic effects reported here are brought about by TRPC4/C5 blocking in vivo. The results strengthen the idea that TRPC4/C5 antagonism is a novel, safe non-opioid treatment for chronic pain.