Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-associated inflammation contributes to the pain reported by patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). It is common for patients diagnosed with TMD to report pain in the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints, headache, and jaw movement disturbances. Although TMD can have different origins, including trauma and malocclusion disorder, anxiety/depression substantially impacts the development and maintenance of TMD. In general, rodent studies on orofacial pain mechanisms involve the use of tests originally developed for other body regions, which were adapted to the orofacial area. To overcome limitations and expand knowledge in orofacial pain, our group validated and characterized an operant assessment paradigm in rats with both hot and cold stimuli as well mechanical stimuli. Nevertheless, persistent inflammation of the TMJ has not been evaluated with this operant orofacial pain assessment device (OPAD).