I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Sep 2023 - 8 Sep 2023

Basic Science

In Vitro Studies, Molecular/Cellular

Musculoskeletal Pain


Front Physiol



Inactivation influences the extent of inhibition of voltage-gated Ca channels by Gem-implications for channelopathies.


Allam S, Levenson-Palmer R, Chia Chang Z, Kaur S, Cernuda B, Raman A, Booth A, Dobbins S, Suppa G, Yang J, Buraei Z


Voltage-gated Ca channels (VGCC) directly control muscle contraction and neurotransmitter release, and slower processes such as cell differentiation, migration, and death. They are potently inhibited by RGK GTP-ases (Rem, Rem2, Rad, and Gem/Kir), which decrease Ca channel membrane expression, as well as directly inhibit membrane-resident channels. The mechanisms of membrane-resident channel inhibition are difficult to study because RGK-overexpression causes complete or near complete channel inhibition. Using titrated levels of Gem expression in oocytes to inhibit WT P/Q-type calcium channels by ∼50%, we show that inhibition is dependent on channel inactivation. Interestingly, fast-inactivating channels, including Familial Hemiplegic Migraine mutants, are more potently inhibited than WT channels, while slow-inactivating channels, such as those expressed with the Cavβ auxiliary subunit, are spared. We found similar results in L-type channels, and, remarkably, Timothy Syndrome mutant channels were insensitive to Gem inhibition. Further results suggest that RGKs slow channel recovery from inactivation and further implicate RGKs as likely modulating factors in channelopathies.