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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 Nov 2023 - 24 Nov 2023

2023 Nov 16



Identification of a selective FLT3 inhibitor with low activity against VEGFR, FGFR, PDGFR, c-KIT, and RET anti-targets.


Sintim HO, Akwata D, Kempen AL, Dayal N, Brauer NR


FLT3 is mainly expressed in immune and various cancer cells and is a drug target for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Recently, FLT3 has also been identified as a potential target for treating chronic pain. Most FLT3 inhibitors (FLT3i) identified to date, including approved drugs such as gilteritinib, midostaurin, ponatinib, quizartinib, and FLT3i in clinical trials, such as quizartinib and crenolanib, also inhibit closely-related kinases that are important for immune (c-KIT), cardiovascular (KDR/VEGFR2, FGFR, PDGFR) or kidney (RET) functions. While the aforementioned FLT3i may increase survival rates in AML, they are neither ideal for AML maintenance therapy nor for non-oncology applications, such as for the treatment of chronic pain, due to their promiscuous inhibition of many kinase anti-targets. Here, we report the identification of new FLT3i compounds that have low activities against kinases that have traditionally been difficult to differentiate from FLT3 inhibition, such as KDR/VEGFR, FGFR, PGFR, c-KIT, and RET. These selective compounds could be valuable chemical probes for studying FLT3 biology in the context of chronic pain and/or may represent good starting points to develop well-tolerated FLT3 therapeutics for non-oncology indications or for maintenance therapy for AML.