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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Mar 2024 - 29 Mar 2024

2024 Feb 20

Mar Drugs




Hydroxytakakiamide and Other Constituents from a Marine Sponge-Associated Fungus MMERU23, and Antinociceptive Activity of Ergosterol Acetate, Acetylaszonalenin and Helvolic Acid.


Arias Cardona HR, Cerqueira da Silva B, de Lima FO, Andrade Leite FH, de Souza BC, Brandão HN, David JM, Alves CQ, Kijjoa A


An unreported prenylated indole derivative hydroxytakakiamide () was isolated, together with the previously described ergosterol (), ergosterol acetate (), and (3)-3-(1-indol-3-ylmethyl)-3, 4-dihydro-1-1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione (), from the column fractions of the crude ethyl acetate extract of the culture of a marine sponge-associated fungus, MMERU 23. The structure of was elucidated by the interpretation of 1D and 2D NMR spectral data and high-resolution mass spectrum. The absolute configuration of the stereogenic carbon in was proposed to be the same as those of the co-occurring congeners on the basis of their biogenetic consideration and was supported by the comparison of its sign of optical rotation with those of its steroisomers. The crude ethyl acetate extract and were evaluated, together with acetylaszonalenin () and helvolic acid (), which were previously isolated from the same extract, for the in vivo antinociceptive activity in the mice model. The crude ethyl acetate extract exhibited antinociceptive activity in the acetic acid-induced writhing and formalin tests, while , , and displayed the effects in the late phase of the formalin test. On the other hand, neither the crude ethyl acetate extract nor , , and affected the motor performance of mice in both open-field and rotarod tests. Additionally, docking studies of , , and were performed with 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzymes, PDE4 and PDE7, which are directly related to pain and inflammatory processes. Molecular docking showed that has low affinity energy to PDE4 and PDE7 targets while retaining high affinity to 5-LOX. On the other hand, while did not display any hydrogen bond interactions in any of its complexes, it achieved overall better energy values than on the three antinociceptive targets. On the other hand, has the best energy profile of all the docked compounds and was able to reproduce the crystallographic interactions of the 5-LOX complex.