Microneedles have recently emerged as a promising platform for delivering therapeutic agents by disrupting the skin, resulting in improved and high drug delivery via this route. Ibuprofen is widely used topically and orally for chronic pain conditions; to avoid untoward gastric effects, topical application is preferred over the oral route. This study aimed to enhance the solubility of the poorly water-soluble ibuprofen using Soluplus (SP) as a solubilizer and to fabricate dissolving microneedle patches of the drug. The fabricated patches were compared with marketed oral and topical formulations of ibuprofen. A 432-fold increase was observed in the solubility of the drug at 8% SP. The FTIR studies revealed that the drug and polymers were compatible. MNs were of uniform morphology and released the drug in a predictable manner. The in vivo analysis on healthy human volunteers revealed a Cmax of 28.7 µg/mL ± 0.5 with a T of 24 h and a MRT of 19.5 h, which was significantly higher than that observed for commercially available topical formulations. The prepared ibuprofen microneedles have higher bioavailability and MRT at a lower dose (165 µg) as compared to tablet and cream doses (200 mg).