Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been suggested as important regulators in neuropathic pain. Our study aims to explore the possible molecular mechanism underlying the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) Gm14376 in neuropathic pain in mice by high-throughput transcriptome sequencing. A mouse model of spared nerve injury (SNI) was constructed for mechanical, thermal and spontaneous pain testing. Transcriptomic changes in lncRNAs and mRNAs in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of SNI mice were analyzed using RNA-sequencing techniques in conjunction with public data analysis. AAV5 viral vector was constructed to assess the effect of Gm14376 on SNI-induced pain hypersensitivity and inflammatory response. Cis-target genes of Gm14376 were obtained and the functions of Gm14376 were analyzed by GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses. Results from bioinformatic analysis identified a conserved Gm14376, which was up-regulated in the DRG of SNI mice, specifically in response to nerve injury. Overexpression of Gm14376 in DRG induced neuropathic pain-like symptoms in mice. Furthermore, the functions of Gm14376 were related to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway and fibroblast growth factor 3 (Fgf3) was identified as the cis-target gene of Gm14376. Gm14376 could directly up-regulate Fgf3 expression to activate the PI3K/Akt pathway, which alleviated pain hypersensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimuli and reduced the release of inflammatory factors in SNI mice. From our data, we conclude that SNI-induced up-regulation of Gm14376 expression in DRG activates the PI3K/Akt pathway through up-regulation of Fgf3 expression, thereby promoting the development of neuropathic pain in mice.