I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Feb 2024 - 9 Feb 2024

2024 Feb 06

J Neuroimmune Pharmacol




Heat Shock Protein 22 Attenuates Nerve Injury-induced Neuropathic Pain Via Improving Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Reducing Oxidative Stress Mediated By Spinal AMPK/PGC-1α Pathway in Male Rats.


Zhang L, Liu L, Li D, Wu J, Gao S, Song F, Zhou Y, Liu D, Mei W


Heat shock protein 22 (hsp22) plays a significant role in mitochondrial biogenesis and redox balance. Moreover, it’s well accepted that the impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis and redox imbalance contributes to the progress of neuropathic pain. However, there is no available evidence indicating that hsp22 can ameliorate mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, sustain mitochondrial biogenesis and redox balance in rats with neuropathic pain. In this study, pain behavioral test, western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and Dihydroethidium staining are applied to confirm the role of hsp22 in a male rat model of spared nerve injury (SNI). Our results indicate that hsp22 was significantly decreased in spinal neurons post SNI. Moreover, it was found that intrathecal injection (i.t.) with recombinant heat shock protein 22 protein (rhsp22) ameliorated mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, facilitated nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1)/ mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM)-dependent mitochondrial biogenesis, decreased the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and suppressed oxidative stress via activation of spinal adenosine 5’monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ peroxisome proliferative activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) pathway in male rats with SNI. Furthermore, it was also demonstrated that AMPK antagonist (compound C, CC) or PGC-1α siRNA reversed the improved mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, mitochondrial biogenesis, oxidative stress, and the decreased ROS induced by rhsp22 in male rats with SNI. These results revealed that hsp22 alleviated mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, improved the impairment of NRF1/TFAM-dependent mitochondrial biogenesis, down-regulated the level of ROS, and mitigated oxidative stress through stimulating the spinal AMPK/PGC-1α pathway in male rats with SNI.