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Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Feb 2023 - 3 Mar 2023

Basic Science

Animal Studies, Molecular/Cellular, Neurobiology

Abdominal/Pelvic Pain, Inflammation/Inflammatory

2023 Feb 22

Microb Pathog


Gut microbiota affects pancreatic fibrotic progression through immune modulation in chronic pancreatitis.


Liu L, Zhang T, Sui Y, Li G, Liu L, Lu T, Tan H, Sun B, Li X, Li L


Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by chronic progressive pancreatic inflammation, which leads to the permanent damage of exocrine and endocrine cells. CP causes irreversible morphological and functional changes, and the clinical manifestations includes abdomen pain, steatorrhea and diabetes. CP induces changes in the composition of gut microbiota that could be used as potential biomarkers for pancreatic fibrosis evaluation. Gut microbiota has emerged as key regulator of immunomodulation and gut microbiota-induced immune activation has not been explored in CP. In current study, we profiled gut microbial signatures in mouse CP model, and found that higher proportion of Streptomyces, Turicibacter, Methylobacterium, Enterococcus and Candidatus_Paenicardiniummore were positively associated with the occurrence of pancreatic fibrosis. We then identified increased CD3T cells and macrophage infiltration in mouse and human CP tissues by transcriptome sequencing data from GEO database. Subsequently, we demonstrated that fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from CP mouse (FMT-CP) exacerbated pancreatic fibrosis by increasing CD4T cells and macrophage infiltration compared to fecal samples obtained from healthy mouse donor (FMT-HC). Our study describes the link between gut microbiota dysbiosis and immune activation in pancreatic fibrotic progression, and highlights the potential therapeutic roles of FMT and CP treatment.