I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 4 Feb 2023 - 10 Feb 2023


Human Studies, Neurobiology, Pharmacology/Drug Development

Abdominal/Pelvic Pain

2023 Feb 08

Reprod Sci


Genome-Wide Gene Expression Profiling Reveals the Direct Effect of Dienogest on Ovarian Endometriotic Stromal Cells.


Honda H, Nishimichi N, Kaneko M, Yamashita M, Akimoto Y, Tanimoto H, Teramoto M, Teramoto H, Yokosaki Y


Endometriosis affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age, causing dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. The current key drug for endometriosis is dienogest, a progestin with high specificity for the progesterone receptor. To reveal the direct anti-endometriotic effect of dienogest on ovarian endometriotic cells, we investigated the genome-wide gene expression profiles of ovarian endometriotic stromal cells with (Dienogest group) or without dienogest treatment (Control group) and compared the groups’ gene expression profiles. We performed a gene ontology (GO) analysis and Ingenuity pathway analysis using these data. To validate the microarray data, we performed real-time RT-PCRs and immunohistochemistry for the differentially expressed genes between the two groups. Of 647 genes differentially expressed between the two groups, 314 genes were upregulated and 333 were downregulated in the Dienogest group versus the Control group. The GO analysis showed that the regulation of macrophage chemotaxis, the collagen catabolic process, and the proteoglycan biosynthetic process are the main biological processes closely associated with the differentially expressed genes. We identified 20 canonical pathways that were most significantly differentially expressed in the Dienogest group versus the Control group. We observed that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are the genes in these pathways that are most closely associated with dienogest treatment. Of components involved in the regulation of macrophage chemotaxis, colony-stimulating factor 1 and macrophage-stimulating 1 are potential upstream regulators of MMPs and were observed herein to be suppressed by dienogest. Our results suggest that dienogest may thus exert its anti-endometriotic effect by directly suppressing MMPs.