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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Dec 2023 - 15 Dec 2023

2023 Dec

J Bone Oncol



Evaluation of pain related behaviors and disease related outcomes in an immunocompetent mouse model of prostate cancer induced bone pain.


Jimenez-Andrade JM, Ramírez-Rosas MB, Hee Park S, Parker R, Eber MR, Cain R, Newland M, Hsu FC, Kittel CA, Martin TJ, Muñoz-Islas E, Shiozawa Y, Peters CM


Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is the most common and devastating symptom of bone metastatic cancer that substantially disrupts patients’ quality of life. Currently, there are few effective analgesic treatments for CIBP other than opioids which come with severe side effects. In order to better understand the factors and mechanisms responsible for CIBP it is essential to have clinically relevant animal models that mirror pain-related symptoms and disease progression observed in patients with bone metastatic cancer. In the current study, we characterize a syngeneic mouse model of prostate cancer induced bone pain. We transfected a prostate cancer cell line (RM1) with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and luciferase reporters in order to visualize tumor growth longitudinally and to assess the relationship between sensory neurons and tumor cells within the bone microenvironment. Following intra-femoral injection of the RM1 prostate cancer cell line into male C57BL/6 mice, we observed a progressive increase in spontaneous guarding of the inoculated limb between 12 and 21 days post inoculation in tumor bearing compared to sham operated mice. Daily running wheel performance was evaluated as a measure of functional impairment and potentially movement evoked pain. We observed a progressive reduction in the distance traveled and percentage of time at optimal velocity between 12 and 21 days post inoculation in tumor bearing compared to sham operated mice. We utilized histological, radiographic and μCT analysis to examine tumor induced bone remodeling and observed osteolytic lesions as well as extra-periosteal aberrant bone formation in the tumor bearing femur, similar to clinical findings in patients with bone metastatic prostate cancer. Within the tumor bearing femur, we observed reorganization of blood vessels, macrophage and nerve fibers within the intramedullary space and periosteum adjacent to tumor cells. Tumor bearing mice displayed significant increases in the injury marker ATF3 and upregulation of the neuropeptides SP and CGRP in the ipsilateral DRG as well as increased measures of central sensitization and glial activation in the ipsilateral spinal cord. This immunocompetent mouse model will be useful when combined with cell type selective transgenic mice to examine tumor, immune cell and sensory neuron interactions in the bone microenvironment and their role in pain and disease progression associated with bone metastatic prostate cancer.