Eosinophils (Eos) reside in multiple organs during homeostasis and respond rapidly to an inflammatory challenge. Although Eos share chemical staining properties, they also demonstrate phenotypic and functional plasticity that is not fully understood. Here, we used a murine model of allergic lung inflammation to characterize Eos subsets and determine their spatiotemporal and functional regulation during inflammation and its resolution in response to resolvin D2 (RvD2), a potent specialized pro-resolving mediator. Two Eos subsets were identified by CD101 expression with distinct anatomic localization and transcriptional signatures at baseline and during inflammation. CD101low Eos were predominantly located in a lung vascular niche and responded to allergen challenge by moving into the lung interstitium. CD101high Eos were predominantly located in BAL and extravascular lung, only present during inflammation, and had transcriptional evidence for cell activation. RvD2 reduced total Eos numbers and changed their phenotype and activation by at least two distinct mechanisms: decreasing IL-5-dependent recruitment of CD101low Eos and decreasing conversion of CD101low Eos to CD101high Eos. Collectively, these findings indicate that Eos are a heterogeneous pool of cells with distinct activation states and spatiotemporal regulation during resolution of inflammation and that RvD2 is a potent pro-resolving mediator for Eos recruitment and activation.